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These corrosion data are mainly based on results of general corrosion laboratory tests, carried out with pure chemicals and water solutions nearly saturated with air (the corrosion rate can be quite different if the solution is free from oxygen).

All concentrations are given in weight-% and the solvent is water if nothing else is shown. The corrosion data apply to annealed materials with normal microstructure and clean surfaces, throughout.

Nitric acid, HNO3 + hydrofluoric acid, HF
Conc. HNO3 %1.510 15 15 15 20 20 20 30 
Conc. HF %0.534444440.1
Temp. °C8070405060253065BP
Carbon steel22222
13 Cr22222
Alleima® 180222222
Alleima® 3R1222222
Alleima® 3R60222222222
18Cr13Ni3Mo 1)
22222
17Cr14Ni4Mo 2)
22222
Alleima® 2RK65 ('904L')121122
Sanicro® 282
254 SMO222211
654 SMO00
SAF™ 230422222
SAF™ 220522211
SAF™ 250701
Titanium (CP Ti)22222

1) ASTM 317L, e.g. Alleima® 3R64
2) EN 1.4439, e.g. Alleima® 3R68

Symbol clarification

These corrosion tables use a number of symbols, having the following meanings:

Symbol Description
0 Corrosion rate less than 0.1 mm/year. The material is corrosion proof.
1 Corrosion rate 0.1—1.0 mm/year. The material is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases.
2 Corrosion rate over 1.0 mm/year. Serious corrosion. The material is not usable.
p, P Risk (severe risk) of pitting and crevice corrosion.
c, C Risk (Severe risk) of crevice corrosion. Used when there is a risk of localised corrosion only if crevices are present. Under more severe conditions, when there is also a risk of pitting corrosion, the symbols p or P are used instead.
s, S Risk (Severe risk) of stress corrosion cracking.
ig Risk of intergranular corrosion.
BP Boiling solution.
ND No data. (Used only where there are no actual data to estimate the risk of localised corrosion instead of p or s).

Disclaimer: Laboratory tests are not strictly comparable with actual service conditions. Accordingly, Alleima makes no warranties, express or implied, and accept no liability, compensatory or consequential, for the performance of different materials in individual applications that may be based on the information provided in this publication.