Alleima® 6R44 Tube and pipe, seamless

Datasheet updated

2022-06-30 12:31
(supersedes all previous editions)

Alleima® 6R44 is an austenitic, niobium-stabilized stainless chromium-nickel steel for use at temperatures up to 850°C (1560°F).

Standards

  • ASTM: TP347, TP347H
  • UNS: S34700/S34709
  • EN Number: 1.4550/1.4912
  • EN Name: X6CrNiNb18-10/X7CrNiNb18-10
  • W.Nr.: 1.4550
  • DIN: X 6 CrNiNb 18 10
  • SS: 2338
  • AFNOR: (Z6CNNb 18.10)
  • BS: 347S31/347S51

Product standards

Seamless tube and pipe:

  • ASTM A213, A269, A312, A376
  • EN 10216-5
  • BS 3059 Part 2, BS 3605 Part 1, BS 3606
  • DIN 17456,17458
  • SS 14 23 38

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Nb
0.05 0.6 1.7 ≤0.030 ≤0.015 17.5 10 0.7

Chemical composition (nominal) %

C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Nb
0.05 0.6 1.7 ≤0.030 ≤0.015 17.5 10 0.7

Applications

Alleima® 6R44 is used for superheater tubes in steam power plants.

It is also frequently used for cooling tubes in ammonia converters, because of its good resistance to nitrogen absorption and good corrosion resistance.

With its good hot-strength, and good resistance to hydrogen sulfide and intergranular corrosion, Alleima® 6R44 is a suitable material for furnace tubes in refineries. Furnace tubing used in vinyl chloride production is another example of applications in which this steel is often used.

Corrosion resistance

Wet corrosion

Alleima® 6R44 is generally used at temperatures above 500°C (930°F), where wet corrosion is not relevant. The stabilization with niobium gives Alleima® 6R44 good resistance to intergranular corrosion. The steel may be sensitive to pitting and crevice corrosion even in solutions of relatively low chloride content. Austenitic steels are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. This may occur at temperatures above about 60°C (140°F), if the steel is subject to tensile stresses and at the same time comes into contact with certain solutions, particularly those containing chlorides. Such service conditions should therefore be avoided. Conditions when plants are shut down must also be considered as the condensates which are then formed can develop a chloride content that leads to both stress corrosion cracking and pitting.

Gas corrosion

Alleima® 6R44 can be used in air up to 850°C (1560°F) and in steam up to 750°C (1380°F). It is suitable for use in mild synthesis gas up to about 550°C (1020°F)

Creep behavior should also be taken into account when using the steel in the creep range.

In flue gases containing sulfur, the corrosion resistance is reduced. In such environments this steel can be used at temperatures up to 600-750°C (1110-1380°F) depending on service conditions. Factors to consider are whether the atmosphere is oxidizing or reducing, i.e. the oxygen content, and whether impurities such as sodium and vanadium are present.

Bending

Annealing after cold bending is not normally necessary, but this point must be decided with regard to the degree of bending and the operating conditions. Heat treatment, if any, should take the form of stress relieving or solution annealing, see under "Heat treatment".

Hot bending is carried out at 1100-850°C (2010-1560°F) and should be followed by solution annealing.

Forms of supply

Seamless tube and pipe - Finishes and dimensions

Seamless tube and pipe in Alleima® 6R44 is supplied in dimensions up to 260 mm outside diameter in the solution-annealed and white-pickled condition or in the bright annealed condition.

Heat treatment

The tubes are delivered in heat treated condition. If another heat treatment is needed after further processing the following is recommended:

Stress relieving

850-950°C (1560-1740°F), 10- 15 minutes, cooling in air.

Solution annealing

1000-1100°C (1830-2010°F), 5-20 minutes, rapid cooling in air or water.

Mechanical properties

For tube and pipe with wall thicknesses greater than 10 mm (0.4 in) the proof strength may fall short of the stated values by about 10 MPa (1.4 ksi).

At 20°C (68°F)

Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Hardness Vickers
Rp0.21) Rp1.01) Rm ksi A2)
MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa %
approx.
≥220 ≥32 ≥250 ≥36 515-690 75-100 >40 155

1 MPa = N/mm2
1) Rp0.2 and Rp1.0 correspond to 0.2% offset and 1.0% offset yield strength, respectively.
2) Based on L0 = 5.65 √S0 where L0 is the original gauge length and S0 the original cross-section area.

Impact strength

Due to its austenitic microstructure, Alleima® 6R44 has very good impact strength both at room temperature and at cryogenic temperatures.

Tests have demonstrated that the steel fulfils the requirements (60 J (44 ft-lb) at -196oC (-320oF)) according to the European standards EN 13445-2 (UFPV-2) and EN 10216-5.

At high temperatures

Metric units
Temperature
Proof strength
Rp0.2 Rp1.0
°C MPa MPa
min. min.
50 195 232
100 175 210
150 165 195
200 155 185
250 147 175
300 139 167
350 133 162
400 129 159
450 126 156
500 124 155
550 118 152
600
-
-
Imperial units
Temperature
Proof strength
Rp0.2 Rp1.0
°F ksi ksi
min. min.
100 29.2 36.0
200 25.7 30.7
300 24.1 29.7
400 22.3 28.1
500 21.2 25.2
600 19.9 24.1
700 19.0 23.4
800 18.3 22.8
900 18.0 22.2
1000 17.3 22.0
1100
16.8
21.8
Creep rupture strength
Temperature 10 000 h 100 000 h
°C °F MPa ksi MPa ksi
approx. approx. approx. approx.
540 1005 253 36.7 186 27.0
550 1020 237 34.4 172 24.9
580 1075 192 27.8 135 19.6
600 1110 166 24.1 115 16.7
620 1150 142 20.6 97 14.1
650 1202 112 16.2 74 10.7
670 1240 96 13.9 61 8.8
700 1290 74 10.7 48 7.0
800 1470 28 4.1 16 2.3

Physical properties

Density: 7.9 g/cm3, 0.29 lb/in3

Thermal conductivity
Temperature, °C W/m °C Temperature, °F Btu/ft h °F
23 14 73 8
100 15 200 8.5
200 17 400 10
300 18 600 10.5
400 20 800 11.5
500 21 1000 12.5
600 23 1100 13
Specific heat capacity
Temperature, °C J/kg °C Temperature, °F Btu/lb °F
23 485 73 0.11
100 500 200 0.12
200 515 400 0.12
300 525 600 0.13
400 540 800 0.13
500 555 1000 0.13
600 575 1100 0.14
Thermal expansion 1)
Temperature, °C Per °C
Temperature, °F
Per °F
30-100 17 86-200 9.5
30-200 17.5 86-400 9.5
30-300 17.5 86-600 10
30-400 18 86-800 10
30-500 18.5 86-1000 10.5
30-600 18.5 86-1200 10.5
30-700 19 86-1400 10.5
30-800 19.5 86-1600 11
30-900 19.5 86-1800 11
30-1000 20

1) Mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)

Modulus of elasticity 1)
Temperature, °C MPa Temperature, °F ksi
20 200 68 29.0
100 194 200 28.2
200 186 400 26.9
300 179 600 25.8
400 172 800 24.7
500 165 1000 23.5

1) (x103)

Welding

The weldability of Alleima® 6R44 is good. Welding must be carried out without preheating and subsequent heat treatment is normally not required. Suitable methods of fusion welding are manual metal-arc welding (MMA/SMAW) and gas-shielded arc welding, with the TIG/GTAW method as first choice.

For Alleima® 6R44, heat input of <1.5 kJ/mm and interpass temperature of <150°C (300°F) are recommended.

Recommended filler metals

TIG/GTAW or MIG/GMAW welding

ISO 14343 S 19 9 Nb / AWS A5.9 ER347 (e.g. Exaton 19.9.Nb) or

ISO 14343 S 19 9 Nb Si / AWS A5.9 ER347Si (e.g. Exaton 19.9.NbSi)

MMA/SMAW welding

ISO 3581 E 19 9 Nb R / AWS A5.4 E347-17 (e.g. Exaton 19.9.NbR )

ISO 14343 S 19 9 Nb / AWS A5.9 ER347 (e.g. Exaton 19.9.LNb) wire or strip electrodes are recommended for overlay welding of tube sheets and high-pressure vessels in cases where corrosion resistance, equal to that of Alleima® 6R44, is required.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.