Sanicro® 42 for OCTG Tube and pipe, seamless

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Datasheet updated

2022-05-10 07:45
(supersedes all previous editions)

Sanicro® 42 is an austenitic nickel-base alloy for highly corrosive OCTG downhole applications. The grade is characterized by:

  • Excellent resistance to sulfide stress cracking and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in sour and chloride (H2S/Cl-) environments
  • Good resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion

Standards

  • UNS: N08825

Product standards

Seamless tubes used as casing, tubing and coupling stock:

  • ISO 13680, PSL-1, PSL-2
  • API 5CRA, PSL-1, PSL-2

Approvals

  • NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-3 (Petroleum and natural gas industries – Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production)
  • Sanicro® 42, grade 110 ksi and grade 125 ksi, can be delivered with API 5CRA Monogram (License Number 5CRA-0016)

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Ti Cu Al Fe
≤0.05 ≤0.5 ≤1.0 ≤0.03 ≤0.03 22 44 3.1 0.8 1.7 ≤0.2 ≥22

Applications

Sanicro® 42 is used for high strength downhole production tubing, casing, and liners in sour oil and gas wells. This includes environments with high temperatures, high partial pressures of CO2 and H2S, high chloride concentrations, low pH and also presence of elemental sulfur.

Corrosion resistance

Pitting Corrosion

Sanicro® 42 can withstand high temperatures in aggressive environments. A recognized method of ranking a material's susceptibility to localized corrosion is by means of the PRE number (Pitting Resistance Equivalent). This PRE number is based on the contents of chromium, molybdenum, tungsten and nitrogen in the alloy according to the following formula:
PRE = %Cr + 3.3 × (%Mo + 0.5 × %W) + 16 × %N

A PRE number is the relative measure of a material's ability to resist pitting corrosion in chloride-containing environments. Sanicro® 42 has a minimum PRE number of 32, which confirms its good resistance to pitting corrosion when chlorides are present.

Critical pitting temperature (CPT) was determined on cold worked Sanicro® 42. Ground coupons were tested according to ASTM G150 with the test solution 1M NaCl, a starting temperature of 20°C and heating rate of 1 °C/min. The assessments were carried out at a potential of +734 mV vs. Ag/AgCl on triplicate specimens for the tube dimension 5½ in 20 ppf. The CPT was measured to 44 °C which proves its pitting corrosion resistance and its advantage in the tested environment compared to many other brand specifications of Alloy 825 (UNS N08825).

Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)

The resistance to stress corrosion cracking is vital for applications such as OCTG where the tubes frequently are exposed to sour environments with presence of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Sanicro® 42 is optimized within the specifications for Alloy 825 (UNS N08825) to a superior resistance to SCC.

According to ISO 15156-3 (2020), cold worked Sanicro® 42 belongs to type 4c material which can be safely used in the limited environmental combinations of temperature and H2S in order to avoid the risk of SCC. Laboratory test data shows that cold worked Sanicro® 42 tube materials are not susceptible to SCC in sour environmental limits covered by 4c materials.

Figure 1 illustrates SCC testing on Sanicro® 42 in Cl-H2S-CO2 environments with and without elemental sulfur in comparison with ISO 15156-3 limits for type 4c materials (under the green dashed line), type 4d materials (under the blue dashed line), and type 4e materials (under the red dashed line). The SCC testing has been performed on cold worked Sanicro® 42 , minimum yield strength 110 ksi, using slow strain rate test (SSRT) per NACE TM0198 at strain rate of 4×10-6 1/sec. Sanicro® 42 showed good ductility in the tested sour environments without secondary cracking.

Temp

(°C)

Temp

(°F)

Rp0.2

(ksi)

ppH2S

(psi)

ppCO2

(psi)

Chlorides

(mg/l)

Elem.sulfur

(g/l)

SCC
SSRT

1San 42 graph circle green1

218

424

110

100

1000

180 000

0

Pass

2San 42 graph circle green2

132

270

110

2 200

1000

180 000

1

Pass

Fabrication

Sanicro® 42 tubes are supplied in cold worked condition and are primarily intended for use with threaded connections.

Forms of supply

Materials for oil and gas production

Cold hardened (cold worked) seamless tube and pipe

For production tubing, casing, liner, and coupling stock for downhole oil and gas applications, Sanicro® 42 is supplied cold hardened with high strength properties. (Sanicro® 42 -110ksi, -125ksi)

Full details on sizes, finishes and mechanical properties are available on request.
Email: stog.smt@alleima.com

Heat treatment

Tubes for downhole oil and gas applications are delivered in the high strength, cold hardened condition. They are not annealed after cold working.

Mechanical properties

At 20°C (68°F), metric and imperial units

Grade Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Hardness
Rp0.2a) Rm A2" HRC
MPa ksi MPa ksi %
min min min max
PSL-1 Sanicro® 42-110 760 - 965 110 – 140 795 115 11 35
PSL-1 Sanicro® 42-125 860 - 1035 125 – 150 895 130 10 37
PSL-2 Sanicro® 42-110 760 - 965 110 - 140 795 115 11 35
PSL-2 Sanicro® 42-125 860 - 1000 125 - 145 895 130 10 35

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 correspond to 0.2% offset yield strength.

At high temperatures

Cold-worked Sanicro® 42 also displays very good mechanical properties at higher temperatures. Further information is available on request. Email:stog.smt@alleima.com

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C De-rating factor* Temperature, °F De-rating factor*
20 1.00 68 1.00
100 0.97 200 0.97
120 0.97 250 0.97
150 0.96 300 0.96
180 0.96 350 0.96
220 0.95 400 0.95

*) Approximate yield strength at temperature is received by multiplying the corresponding de-rating factor and yield strength at 20oC (68oF).

Impact strength

Due to its austenitic microstructure, Sanicro® 42 has very good impact strength, both at room temperature and at lower temperatures. Tests have demonstrated that the nickel-base alloy readily fulfills the requirements in accordance with ISO 13680 and API Spec 5CRA.

Physical properties

Physical properties of cold-worked Sanicro® 42.

Density: 8.00 g/cm3, 0.289 lb/in3

Relative magnetic permeability

1.003 (approximate value)

Thermal conductivity

Metric units

Imperial units

Temperature, °C

W/(m °C)

Temperature, °F

Btu/(ft h °F)

20 

10

68

5.8

50

11

100

6.0

100

12

200

6.7

150

13

300

7.3

200

14

400

8.0

250

15

500

8.5

300

15

550

8.8

Specific heat capacity

Metric units

Imperial units

Temperature, °C

J/kg °C

Temperature, °F

Btu/lb °F

20

455

68

0.11

50

462

100

0.11

100

474

200

0.11

150

485

300

0.12

200

495

400

0.12

250

505

500

0.12

300

514

550

0.12

Thermal expansion 1)

Per °C

Temperature, °F

Per °F

30-50

14.1

86-100

7.6

30-75

14.3

86-150

7.9

30-100

14.5

86-200

8.0

30-125

14.7

86-250

8.1

30-150

14.7

86-300

8.2

30-175

14.8

86-350

8.2

30-200

14.9

86-400

8.3

30-225

15.0

86-450

8.4

30-250

15.1

86-500

8.4

30-275

15.2

86-550

8.5

30-300

15.3

1) Mean values in temperature ranges (×10-6), measured on annealed material

Modulus of elasticity 1)

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C MPa Temperature, °F ksi
 20 186 68 27
100 186 200 27
150 186 300 27
220 186 400 27

1) (×103)

Poisson's ratio

The Poisson's ratio is 0.31 for Sanicro® 42 at room temperature.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.