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These corrosion data are mainly based on results of general corrosion laboratory tests, carried out with pure chemicals and water solutions nearly saturated with air (the corrosion rate can be quite different if the solution is free from oxygen).

All concentrations are given in weight-% and the solvent is water if nothing else is shown. The corrosion data apply to annealed materials with normal microstructure and clean surfaces, throughout.

Aluminium chloride, AlCl3
Conc. AlCl3 %5510102020252527.5
Temp. °C501001001501001502060110
Grade or type of alloy:
Carbon steel2222222
13 Cr2222222
Alleima® 18022222222
Alleima® 3R120ps22222222
Alleima® 3R600ps22222222
18Cr13Ni3Mo 1)
0ps0ps22221p22
17Cr14Ni4Mo 2)
0ps0ps22221p22
Alleima® 2RK65 ('904L')0ps0ps22221p22
Sanicro® 280ND0ND21ND2
254 SMO0ND1ND21ND2
654 SMO
SAF™ 23040ND2222
SAF™ 22050ND2222
SAF™ 25070ND0ND2122
SAF™ 2707 HD12
SAF™ 290612
SAF™ 3207 HD12
Titanium (CP Ti)0000p02002

1) ASTM 317L, e.g. Alleima® 3R64
2) EN 1.4439, e.g. Alleima® 3R68

Symbol clarification

These corrosion tables use a number of symbols, having the following meanings:

Symbol Description
0 Corrosion rate less than 0.1 mm/year. The material is corrosion proof.
1 Corrosion rate 0.1—1.0 mm/year. The material is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases.
2 Corrosion rate over 1.0 mm/year. Serious corrosion. The material is not usable.
p, P Risk (severe risk) of pitting and crevice corrosion.
c, C Risk (Severe risk) of crevice corrosion. Used when there is a risk of localised corrosion only if crevices are present. Under more severe conditions, when there is also a risk of pitting corrosion, the symbols p or P are used instead.
s, S Risk (Severe risk) of stress corrosion cracking.
ig Risk of intergranular corrosion.
BP Boiling solution.
ND No data. (Used only where there are no actual data to estimate the risk of localised corrosion instead of p or s).

Disclaimer: Laboratory tests are not strictly comparable with actual service conditions. Accordingly, Alleima makes no warranties, express or implied, and accept no liability, compensatory or consequential, for the performance of different materials in individual applications that may be based on the information provided in this publication.