SAF™ 3207 HD Tube and pipe, seamless

Datasheet updated

2022-08-30 04:32
(supersedes all previous editions)

SAF™ 3207 HD is a hyper-duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steel for service in highly corrosive conditions where also high mechanical strength is necessary. This makes the grade ideal for applications such as deepwater umbilicals. SAF™ 3207 HD is characterized by:

  • Excellent resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion
  • Excellent resistance to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and chloride containing environments
  • High resistance to general corrosion in acidic and caustic environments
  • Excellent resistance to erosion corrosion
  • Excellent corrosion fatigue properties
  • Exceptionally high mechanical strength
  • Exceptionally high fatigue strength
  • Physical properties that offer design advantages
  • Good weldability


  • UNS: S33207

Product standards

Seamless tube and pipe: ASTM A789; A790

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo
≤0.030 ≤0.8 ≤1.5 ≤0.035 ≤0.010 32 7 3.5


Chemical composition (nominal) %

C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Others
≤0.030 ≤0.8 ≤1.5 ≤0.035 ≤0.010 32 7 3.5 N=0.5


SAF™ 3207 HD hyper-duplex steel has been developed for deepwater umbilicals; an application with extreme requirements on pitting and crevice corrosion resistance, mechanical strength and fatigue properties.

Offering greater yield strength, greater corrosion resistance and superior fatigue properties compared with super-duplex steels, SAF™ 3207 HD hyper-duplex steel is also an excellent material choice for a range of other oil and gas applications. For example, when resistance to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a requirement, such as in raw seawater injection, control lines and chemical injection lines, SAF™ 3207 HD offers high reliability and operational safety leading to lower operating costs.

Corrosion resistance

General corrosion

SAF™ 3207 HD is highly resistant to corrosion by organic acids, e.g. formic acid and acetic acid, see Figure 4.

6825c rev 1.png

Resistance to inorganic acids is comparable to, or even better than that of high alloy austenitic stainless steels in certain concentration ranges. Figures 5 and 6 show isocorrosion diagrams for sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, respectively.

6827c rev 1.png

6829c rev 1.png

Pitting and crevice corrosion

The pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steel is primarily determined by the content of chromium, molybdenum and nitrogen. The manufacturing and fabrication practice, e.g. welding, are also of vital importance for the actual performance in service. A parameter for comparing the resistance to pitting in chloride environments is the PRE number (Pitting Resistance Equivalent).

The PRE is defined as, in weight-%
PRE = %Cr + 3.3 x %Mo + 16 x %N
The minimum PRE-value for SAF 3207 HD is 50.

One of the most severe pitting corrosion tests, applied to stainless steels, is ASTM G48 i.e. exposure to 6% FeCl3. In a modified version of the ASTM G48A test, the sample is exposed for periods of 24 hours. When pits are detected, together with a substantial weight loss (> 5 mg), the test is interrupted. Otherwise, the temperature is increased by 5°C (9°F) and the test continued with the same sample.

The crevice corrosion test was performed in 6% FeCl3, with a crevice specified in the MTI-2 procedure, where an artificial crevice is mounted on the sample with a torque of 0.28 Nm. The values obtained and comparisons with SAF™ 2507 are given in Figure 7. SAF 3207 HD™ performs better than SAF™ 2507.

Figure-5outl rev 1.png

Comparison-SAF-3207-HD-SAF-2507 rev 1.png



Being a dual phase material (austenitic-ferritic), SAF™ 3207 HD will present a different tool wear profile from that of austenitic stainless steels.

The cutting data (speed and feed) must, therefore, be lower than that recommended for austenitic grades.

Forms of supply

Seamless tube

Seamless tubes in SAF™ 3207 HD can be supplied in typical umbilical tube dimensions. The delivery condition is either solution annealed and either white pickled or polished.

Heat treatment

The tubes are normally delivered in heat treated condition. If additional heat treatment is needed due to further processing the following is recommended.

Solution annealing

1040-1140°C (1905-2085°F), rapid cooling in air, protective atmosphere or water.

Mechanical properties

At 20°C (68°F)

Metric units
Wall thickness Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Hardness
Rp0.2a Rm Ab A2" HRC
mm MPa MPa % %
<4 ≥770 ≥950 ≥25 ≥15 ≤36
>4 ≥700 ≥850 ≥25 ≥15 ≤36
Imperial units
Wall thickness Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Hardness
Rp0.2a Rm Ab A2" HRC
in ksi ksi % %
<0.157 ≥112 ≥138 ≥25 ≥15 ≤36
>0.157 ≥101 ≥123 ≥25 ≥15 ≤36

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 and Rp1.0 correspond to 0.2% offset and 1.0% offset yield strength, respectively.
b) Based on L0 = 5.65 √S0 where L0 is the original gauge length and S0 the original cross-section area.

Yield strength (Tomas Forsman) rev 1.jpg

At high temperatures

If SAF™ 3207 HD is exposed to temperatures exceeding 250 °C (480 °F), for prolonged periods, the microstructure changes, which results in a reduction in impact strength. This does not necessarily affect the behavior of the material at the operating temperature. Please contact Alleima for more information.

Metric units
Temperature Proof strength Tensile strength
Rp0.2a Rm
°C MPa MPa
min. min.
50 696 923
100 657 850
150 609 811
200 585 784
250 582 785
300 572 791
Imperial units
Temperature Proof strength Tensile strength
Rp0.2a Rm
°F ksi ksi
min. min.
120 101 134
200 96 124
300 89 118
400 85 114
500 84 114
600 83 115

Fatigue strength

Figure2: S-N curves for Sandvik SAF 3207 HD, SAF 2507 and DNV design curves

Impact strength

SAF™ 3207 HD possesses good impact strength. The ductile-brittle transition temperature is below -50°C (-58°F). Figure 3 shows the impact strength for SAF™ 3207 HD.

Impact-toughness rev 1.png

Physical properties

Density: 7.7 g/cm3, 0.28 lb/in3

Temperature, °C µΩm Temperature, °F µΩin.
20 0.87 68 34.1

Specific heat capacity

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C J/(Kg °C) Temperature, °F Btu/(lb °F)
20 480 68 0.12
100 510 200 0.12
200 540 400 0.13
300 570 600 0.13
400 590 800 0.14

Thermal conductivity

Metric units, W/(m °C)
Temperature, °C 20 100 200 300 400
SAF™ 3207 HD 13 15 16 18 20
SAF™ 2507 14 15 16 18 20
AISI 316L 14 15 17 18 20
Imperial units, Btu/(ft h °F)
Temperature, °F 68 200 400 600 800
SAF™ 3207 HD 7 9 9 10 20
SAF™ 2507 8 9 9 10 12
ASTM 316L 8 9 10 10 12

Thermal expansion

SAF™ 3207 HD has a coefficient of thermal expansion close to that of carbon steel. This gives SAF™ 3207 HD definite design advantages over austenitic stainless steels in equipment comprising of both carbon steel and stainless steel. The values given below are average values in the temperature ranges.

Metric units, x10-6/°C
Temperature, °C 30-100 30-200 30-300 30-400
SAF™ 3207 HD 13.5 13.5 14.0 14.5
SAF™ 2507 13.5 14.0 14.0 14.5
Carbon Steel 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0
ASTM 316L 16.5 17.0 17.5 18
Imperial units, x10-6/°F
Temperature, °F 86-200 86-400 86-600 86-800
SAF™ 3207 HD 7.5 7.0 8.0 8.0
SAF™ 2507 7.5 7.5 8.0 8.0
Carbon Steel 6.8 7.0 7.5 7.8
ASTM 316L 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.0

Modulus of elasticity, (x103)

Metric units, Imperial units
Temperature, °C MPa Temperature, °F ksi
20 200 68 29.0


The weldability of SAF™ 3207 HD is good. Welding must be carried out without preheating and subsequent heat treatment is normally not necessary. A suitable method of fusion welding is gas tungsten arc welding GTAW/TIG with shielding gas of Ar+2% N2. For tube to tubesheet welding, it is recommended to use Ar+3% N2 as shielding gas to have proper weld metal structure.

For SAF™ 3207 HD, heat input of 0.2-1.0 kJ/mm and interpass temperature of <100°C (210°F) are recommended.

Recommended filler metals

GTAW/TIG welding

Exaton 27.7.5.L. For information on filler metal and welding method, please contact Alleima.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.