Datasheet updated

2024-01-11 10:32
(supersedes all previous editions)

Sanicro® 29 is a high-alloy austenitic stainless steel (CRA) for OCTG downhole applications in particularly corrosive conditions. The grade is characterized by:

  • Very good resistance to sulphide stress cracking and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in H2S environments
  • Very high resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion
  • Higher pitting resistance equivalent (PRE) than Sanicro® 28 (UNS N08028)

Sanicro® 29 is developed specifically for improved localized corrosion resistance where the environment contains high chloride concentrations, CO2 and H2S at high temperatures. Such an environment causes corrosion in lower alloyed materials. Sanicro® 29 offers a cost effective solution to such corrosion problems over the more expensive nickel alloys.


  • UNS: N08029
  • ISO: 13680 27-31-4

Product standards

Seamless tubes for casing, tubing and coupling stock: ISO 13680 PSL-1 and PSL-2A


  • NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-3 (Petroleum and natural gas industries - Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production)

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Cu N
≤0.020 ≤0.7 <2.0 ≤0.020 ≤0.015 27 33.5 4.4 1.0 ≤0.1


Sanicro® 29 is used for high strength downhole production tubing, casing, and liners in sour gas wells. This includes environments with high temperatures, high partial pressures of CO2 and H2S, and high chloride concentrations.

Corrosion resistance

Environments in sour wells, which commonly include high concentrations of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2) and chlorides (Cl-), are often very severe with respect to corrosion. However, the risk of corrosion attack can be significantly reduced by selecting a suitable material. In these environments, materials with high levels of nickel, chromium and molybdenum have proven to reduce the risk of corrosion. Sanicro® 29 has been specifically designed to optimize the contents of these elements for sour service corrosion resistance.

Pitting corrosion

Sanicro® 29 can withstand high temperatures in aggressive environments without pitting. A recognized method of ranking a material's susceptibility to localized corrosion is by means of the PRE number (Pitting Resistance Equivalent). This PRE number is based on the contents of chromium, molybdenum and nitrogen in the alloy according to the following formula:
PRE = %Cr + 3.3 × %Mo + 16 × %N

A PRE number is the relative measure of a material's ability to resist pitting corrosion in chloride containing environments. Sanicro® 29 has a minimum PRE number of 42, which confirms its high resistance to pitting corrosion when chlorides are present. For comparison, the minimum PRE number of Sanicro® 28 is shown in the table below.

Alloy PRE (minimum values)
Sanicro® 29 42
Sanicro® 28 38

Critical pitting temperature (CPT) were determined on cold worked Sanicro® 28 per modified ASTM G150. The temperature of the test solution was started at 20°C, and heated at a rate of 1 °C/min. The tests were carried out in NaCl solutions of three chloride concentrations without pH adjusting; and also in 3 wt% Cl- with three fixed pH. The solution of 1.7 liter was purged with nitrogen during the test. The assessments were carried out at a potential of +634 mV vs. Ag/AgCl on triplicate specimens per test environment. The high CPT suggests the high pitting corrosion resistance of the material in the environments tested.

The CPT as the function of chloride as well as the function of pH are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 respectively. The results show a trend that CPT decreases with increasing chloride concentration whereas CPT increases with increasing pH of the solutions.

Figure 1. Critical pitting temperature (CPT) as a function of chloride concentrations for cold worked Sanicro® 29 and Sanicro® 28. The potential was +634 mV vs Ag/AgCl.

Figure 2. Critical pitting temperature (CPT) as a function of pH for cold worked Sanicro® 29 and Sanicro 28 in a 3% Cl- solution. The potential was +634 mV vs Ag/AgCl.

Stress corrosion cracking

Environmental assisted cracking, especially in the presence of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), is one of the more serious forms of corrosion in sour environments. Failure of tubing as a result of environmental assisted cracking can occur rapidly without any warning. For that reason, the prevention of this form of corrosion must be considered when selecting tubing materials for sour wells.

According to ISO 15156-3 (2015), cold worked Sanicro® 29 belongs to type 4c material which can be safely used in the limited environmental combinations of temperature and H2S in order to avoid the risk of SCC. Laboratory testing data shows that cold worked Sanicro® 29 is not susceptible to SCC in sour environments even outside of the limits for 4c type materials.

Figure 3 illustrates SCC testing on Sanicro® 28 in Cl-H2S-CO2 environments with and without elemental sulfur compared to ISO 15156-3 limits for type 4c materials (under the green dashed line), type 4d materials (under the blue dashed line), and type 4e materials (under the red dashed line). The SCC testing has been performed on cold worked (minimum yield strength 110 ksi) Sanicro® 29 stressed at 100% actual yield strength (AYS) using tensile constant load per NACE TM 177 method A, as well as slow strain rate test (SSRT) per NACE TM0198 at strain rate of 4×10-6 in/in/sec. Sanicro® 29 showed good ductility in the tested sour environments with no failures.

Figure 3: SCC testing data of cold worked Sanicro® 29 tube materials in sour environments in comparison with the ISO 15156-3 limits for 4c type materials. The SCC testing has been performed on Sanicro® 29 tube materials stressed at 100% actual yield strength (AYS) using tensile constant load per NACE TM0177 method A, as well as slow strain rate test (SSRT) per NACE TM0198 at strain rate of 4×10-6 in/in/sec. Sanicro® 29 showed good ductility in the tested sour environments with no failures.

Stress corrosion cracking tests have also been performed in the presence of elemental sulfur. Cold worked Sanicro® 29 tube with an Rp0.2 value of 910 MPa (132 ksi) has been tested. The tests were performed according to NACE TM0177, with tensile specimens stressed to 100% of the actual yield strength.

Temperature pH2S pCO2, psi Chlorides (Cl-) Elemental sulfur Stress corrosion cracking
°C (°F) psi (MPa) (MPa) mg/l g/l
140 (284) 2200 (15.2) 1000 (6.9) 102000 1 No
160 (320) 2200 (15.2) 1000 (6.9) 102000 1 No
170 (338) 2200 (15.2) 1000 (6.9) 102000 1 No
160 (320) 2200 (15.2) 1000 (6.9) 299000 1 No


Sanicro® 29 tubes are supplied in the cold worked condition and are intended for use with threaded connections.

Forms of supply

Materials for oil and gas production

Cold hardened (cold worked) seamless tube and pipe

For production tubing, casing, liner, and coupling stock for downhole oil and gas applications, Sanicro® 29 is supplied cold hardened with high strength properties. (Sanicro® 29-110 ksi, -125 ksi)
Full details on sizes, finishes and mechanical properties are available on request.

Heat treatment

Tubes for downhole oil and gas applications are delivered in the high strength, cold hardened condition. They are not annealed after cold working.

Mechanical properties

At 20°C (68°F)

Metric units and Imperial units
Grade Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Hardness
Rp0.2a) Rm A2" HRC
MPa ksi MPa ksi %
Sanicro 29-110 760 - 965 110 - 140 ≥795 ≥115 ≥11 ≤35
Sanicro 29-125 860 - 1035 125 - 150 ≥895 ≥130 ≥10 ≤37

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 corresponds to 0.2% offset yield strength.

The PSL-2 requirements in ISO 13680 can be fulfilled for certain products. Further information is available on request.

At high temperatures

Sanicro® 29 cold worked material also displays very good mechanical properties at higher temperatures.

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C De-rating factor* Temperature, °F De-rating factor*
20 1.00 68 1.00
50 0.94 100 0.97
100 0.91 200 0.92
150 0.87 300 0.87
200 0.86 400 0.86
250 0.86 500 0.85

* Approximate yield strength at temperature is achieved by multiplying the corresponding de-rating factor and yield strength at 20oC (68oF).

Impact strength

Due to its austenitic microstructure, Sanicro® 29 has very good impact strength, both at room temperature and at lower temperatures. Tests have demonstrated that the steel readily fulfills the requirements in accordance with ISO 13680 (min. 40 J at -10oC (50oF)).

Physical properties

Physical properties of cold worked Sanicro® 29.
Density: 8.0 g/cm3, 0.29 lb/in3

Thermal conductivity

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C W/(m °C) Temperature, °F Btu/(ft h °F)
20 11 68 6
50 11 100 6.5
100 12 200 7
150 13 300 7.5
200 14 400 8
250 15 500 8.5
300 16 600 9

Specific heat capacity

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C J/kg °C Temperature, °F Btu/lb °F
20 460 68 0.11
50 465 100 0.11
100 480 200 0.11
150 490 300 0.12
200 495 400 0.12
250 505 500 0.12
300 515 600 0.12


Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C µΩm Temperature, °F µΩin.
20 1.01 68 39.7
100 1.01 200 39.7
150 1.00 300 39.2
200 1.00 400 39.5
250 1.04 500 41.3
300 1.11 600 44.5

Thermal expansion, mean values in temperature ranges (×10-6)

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C Per °C Temperature, °F Per °F
30-50 13 86-100 7
30-100 14.5 86-200 8
30-150 15 86-300 8.5
30-200 15 86-400 8.5
30-250 15 86-500 8.5
30-300 15 86-600 8.5

Modulus of elasticity (×103)

Metric units Imperial units
Temperature, °C MPa Temperature, °F ksi
20 195 68 28.3
100 190 200 27.6
200 182 400 26.3
300 174 600 25.1

Poisson's ratio

The Poisson's ratio for Sanicro® 29 at room temperature is 0.30.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.