Sanmac® 4571 Bar

Datasheet updated

2022-06-30 10:55
(supersedes all previous editions)

Sanmac® 4571 is a titanium-stabilized, molybdenum-alloyed austenitic chromium-nickel steel with improved machinability.

Standards

  • ASTM: 316Ti
  • UNS: S31635
  • EN Number: 1.4571
  • W.Nr.: 1.4571

Product standard

  • EN 10088-3, EN 10088-5 (dimensions up to 250 mm)
  • EN 10272, EN 10222-5, (dimensions ≥ 180 mm), AD-2000-W2
  • ASTM A479, ASTM A276
  • Chemical composition and mechanical properties acc. to ASTM A182

Approvals

  • TÜV AD Merkblatt W0/TRD 100
  • Pressure Equipment Directive (2014/68/EU)
  • Pre-approval for PMA

Certificate

Status according to EN 10 204/3.1

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo
0.03 0.4 1.8 ≤0.045 ≤0.030 17 11 2.1

Ti=>5xC

Chemical composition (nominal) %

C Si Mn P
S
Cr Ni Mo Ti
0.03 0.4 1.8 ≤0.045 ≤0.030 17 11 2.1 >5xC

Applications

Sanmac® 4571 is used for a wide range of industrial applications where steels of type ASTM 304/304L have insufficient corrosion resistance. Typical applications are:

  • Machined parts for tube and pipe fittings, valves
  • Components for pumps

Corrosion resistance

General corrosion

Sanmac® 4571 has good resistance to:

  • Organic acids at high concentrations and temperatures, with the exception of formic acid and acids with corrosive contaminants
  • Inorganic acids, e.g. phosphoric acid, at moderate concentrations and temperatures, and sulphuric acid below 20% at moderate temperatures. The steel can also be used in sulphuric acid of concentrations above 90% at low temperature.
  • E.g. sulphates, sulphides and sulphites
  • Caustic environments.

Intergranular corrosion

Sanmac® 4571 has better resistance to intergranular corrosion than unstabilised steels. The addition of titanium prevents precipitation of chromium carbides in the grain boundaries after prolonged heating in the temperature range 450- 850°C (840-1560°F).

Pitting and crevice corrosion

Resistance to these types of corrosion improves with increasing molybdenum content and Sanmac® 4571 with about 2.1% Mo has substantially higher resistance than steels of type AISI 304/304L.

Stress corrosion cracking

Austenitic stainless steels are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. This may occur at temperatures above about 60°C (140°F), if the steel is subjected to tensile stresses and at the same time comes into contact with certain solutions, particularly those containing chlorides. Such service conditions should therefore be avoided. Conditions when plants are shut down must also be considered as the condensates which are then formed can develop a chloride content that leads to both stress corrosion cracking and pitting.

In applications demanding high resistance to stress corrosion cracking, austenitic- ferritic steels, e.g Sanmac SAF™ 2205 or SAF™ 2507 have higher resistance to Stress corrosion cracking than 4571.

Gas corrosion

Sanmac® 4571 can be used in:

  • Air up to 850°C (1560°F)
  • Steam up to 750°C (1380°F)

Creep behaviour should also be taken into account when using the steel in the creep range. In flue gases containing sulphur, the corrosion resistance is reduced. In such environments these steels can be used at temperatures up to 600-750°C (1110-1380°F) depending on service conditions. Factors to consider are whether the atmosphere is oxidising or reducing, i.e. the oxygen content, and whether impurities such as sodium and vanadium are present.

Forms of supply

Finishes and dimensions
Sanmac 316Ti bar steel is stocked in a large number of sizes. The standard size range for stock comprises 75-350 mm, see pocket card S-02909.
Round bar is supplied in solution annealed and peel turned condition.
Lengths
Bars are delivered in random lengths of 3-7 m, depending on diameter.
Straightness

Diameter
mm
Height of arch, mm/m
Typical value
20 - 70 1
> 70 2


Tolerances, mm-sizes

Diameter
mm
Tolerances
mm
75-95
-0/+1.00
100-285
-0/+1.50
290-350
-0/+2.00


Surface conditions

Surface
conditions
Ra, µm
Typical value
Size, diameter, mm
Peeled and burnished
1
20-285
Peel turned 2 >285 - 350

Heat treatment

SANMAC® 4571 bars are delivered in solution annealed condition.

Solution annealing
Material temperature 1060-1070oC (1940-1960oF), rapid cooling in air or water.

Mechanical properties

Bar steel is tested in delivery condition.

At 20°C (68°F)

Metric units
Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Contr. HB
Rp0.2a) Rp1.0a) Rm Ab) Z
MPa MPa MPa % %
≥210 ≥245 515-700 ≥40 ≥45 ≤215
Imperial units
Proof strength Tensile strength Elong. Contr. HB
Rp0.2a) Rp1.a) Rm Ab) Z
ksi ksi ksi % %
≥30.5 ≥35.5 75-101.5 ≥40 ≥45 ≤215

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a)Rp0.2 and Rp1.0 correspond to 0.2% offset and 1.0% offset yield strength respectively.
b) Based on L0 = 5.65 ÖS0 where L0 is the original gauge length and S0 the original cross-section area.

Impact strength

Due to its austenitic microstructure, SANMAC® 4571 has very good impact strength both at room temperature and at cryogenic temperatures.
Tests have demonstrated that the steel fulfils the requirements (60 J (44 ft-lb) at -196 oC (-320oF)) according to the European standards prEN13445-2(UFPV-2) and EN 10272.

At high temperatures

Metric units
Temperature Proof strength Tensile strength
°C Rp.02 Rp1.0 Rm
MPa MPa MPa
min. min. min.
100 185 215 440
200 165 192 390
300 145 175 375
400 135 164 375
500 129 158 360
Imperial units
Temperature Proof strength Tensile strength
°F Rp.02 Rp1.0 Rm
ksi ksi ksi
min. min. min.
200 26.8 31.2 63.8
400 23.9 27.8 56.6
600 21.0 25.4 54.4
800 19.6 23.8 54.4
1000 18.7 22.9 52.2

Physical properties

Density: 8.0 g/cm3, 0.29 lb/in3

Thermal conductivity
Temperature, °C W/m °C Temperature, °F Btu/ft h °F
20 14 68 8
100 15 200 8.5
200 17 400 10
300 18 600 10.5
400 20 800 11.5
500 21 1000 12.5
600 23 1100 13
Specific heat capacity
Temperature, °C J/kg °C Temperature, °F Btu/lb °F
20 485  68 0.11
100 500  200  0.12
200 515  400  0.12
300 525  600  0.13
400 540  800  0.13
500 555  1000  0.13
600 575 1100 0.14
Thermal expansion, mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)
Temperature, °C Per °C Temperature, °F Per °F
30-100 16.5 86-200 9
30-200 17 86-400 9.5
30-300 17.5 86-600 10
30-400 18 86-800 10
30-500 18 86-1000 10
30-600 18.5 86-1200 10.5
30-700 19 86-1400 10.5
Modulus of elasticity (x103)
Temperature, °C MPa Temperature, °F ksi
20 200 68 29.0
100 194 200 28.2
200 186 400 26.9
300 179 600 25.8
400 172 800 24.7
500 165 1000 23.5

Welding

The weldability of Sanmac® 4571 is good. Suitable methods of fusion welding are manual metal-arc welding (MMA/SMAW) and gas-shielded arc welding, with the TIG/GTAW method as first choice.

Since this material is alloyed in such a way to improve its machinability, the amount of surface oxides on the welded beads might be higher compared to that of the standard 316Ti steels.

This may lead to arc instability during TIG/GTAW welding, especially welding without filer material. However, the welding behavior of this material is the same as for standard 316Ti steels when welding with filler material.

For Sanmac® 4571, heat input of <1.5 kJ/mm and interpass temperature of <100°C (210°F) are recommended. Preheating and post-weld heat treatment are normally not necessary.

Recommended filler metals

TIG/GTAW or MIG/GMAW welding

ISO 14343 S 19 12 3 Nb / AWS A5.9 ER318 (e.g. Exaton 19.12.3.Nb)

ISO 14343 S 19 12 3 L / AWS A5.9 ER316L (e.g. Exaton 19.12.3.L)

MMA/SMAW welding

ISO 3581 E 19 12 3 Nb R / AWS A5.4 E318-16

ISO 3581 E 19 12 3 L R / AWS A5.4 E316L-17(e.g. Exaton 19.12.3.LR)

Hot working

A suitable hot working temperature is 1220-1260oC (2230-2300oF). The temperature used may not decrease below 900oC (1650oF).

Hot working of SANMAC® 4571 shall be followed by rapid cooling in water or in air. If any possible additional heat treatment is used this should be carried out in accordance with given recommendations for heat treatment.

Machining

Sanmac is our trademark for the Alleima machinability concept. In SANMAC materials, machinability has been improved without jeopardizing properties such as corrosion resistance and mechanical strength.

The improved machinability is owing to:

  • Optimized non-metallic inclusions
  • Optimal chemical composition
  • Optimized process and production parameters

Detailed recommendations for the choice of tools and cutting data regarding turning, thread cutting, parting/grooving, drilling, milling and sawing are provided in the brochure S-02909-ENG.

The diagram shows the ranges within which data should be chosen in order to obtain a tool life of minimum 10 minutes when machining SANMAC® 4571.

Figure 1. Machining chart SANMAC® 4571.

The ranges are limited in the event of low feeds because of unacceptable chip breaking. In the case of high cutting speeds, plastic deformation is the most dominant cause of failure. When feed increases and the cutting speed falls, edge frittering (chipping) increases significantly. The diagram is applicable for short cutting times. For long, continuous cuts, the cutting speeds should be reduced somewhat.

The lowest recommended cutting speed is determined by the tendency of the material to stick to the insert (built-up-edge), although the integrity of insert clamping and the stability of the machine are also of great significance.

It is important to conclude which wear mechanism is active, in order to optimize cutting data with the aid of the diagram.

The lowest recommended cutting speed is determined by the tendency of the material to stick to the insert (built-up-edge), although the integrity of insert clamping and the stability of the machine are also of great significance.

It is important to conclude which wear mechanism is active, in order to optimise cutting data with the aid of the diagram.

Turning of SANMAC® 4571

Recommended insert and cutting data (starting values for a tool-life of 15 minutes)

Insert
Geometry

Grade
Cutting data
Feed
Cutting speed Application
mm/rev m/min
MF GC2015 0.15 240 Finishing, copy turning
MM GC2025 0.25 200 Medium machining
MR GC2025 0.30 180 Medium-to-rough machining under less stable conditions

Drilling of Sanmac

The recommended methods for drilling give the most cost effective results for the respective diameter ranges. When producing holes with diameters larger than 58 mm, short-hole drilling is used up to 58 mm, followed by internal turning up to the desired diameter. Cutting data for internal turning should be chosen in accordance with the turning recommendations. The recommendations for drilling are applicable for a tool-life of 30 minutes.

Drilling with Alleima Coromant Delta C drill, diameter 3 - 12.7 mm

Code R415.5. Grade GC1220
(diameter range 3 - 20 mm)

Cutting data, Feed* Cutting speed Application
mm/rev m/min
0.08-0.22 55 Finishing, copy turning

* The lower value should be selected for smaller diameters

Short hole drilling, diameter 12.7-58 mm

Coromant U-drill, R416.2

Insert Geometry Grade* Cutting data
Feed
Cutting
speed
Application
mm/rev m/min
-53 Central insert GC1020 - - -
-53 Peripheral insert GC1020** 0.04-0.18 160 Less stable conditions
-53 Peripheral insert GC3040 0.04-0.18 200 Stable conditions

* Alleima Coromant inserts
** GC1120 for diameters below 17.5 mm

Drilling with high speed steel (HSS) drills

(diameter 1-3 mm)

Cutting data,Feed* Cutting speed**
mm/rev m/min
0.03-0.09 10-15

* The lower feed value should be selected for smaller diameters
** The higher cutting speed should be selected for coated drills

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.