Datasheet updated

2024-03-14 15:07
(supersedes all previous editions)

Alleima® Finemac™ is a lead-free, hardenable, free-cutting carbon steel characterized by excellent machinability and high hardness, high wear resistance and exceptional dimensional stability after hardening.

Hardening operations are very much simplified compared to Sandvik 20AP, owing to the wider temperature and time range available using Alleima® Finemac™. This results in significantly reduced failure rates during hardening. Alleima® Finemac™ also exhibits very good cold heading properties. The material is suitable for long, narrow components with tight tolerances.

Service temperature -50 to 100°C (-55 to 210oF). Prolonged service at elevated temperatures causes decreased hardness when used in the hardened and tempered condition.

Chemical composition (nominal) %

C Si Mn P
S Cr
1.0 0.27 0.50 ≤0.03 0.10 0.45

Forms of supply

Forms of supply/ finishesDiameter
Straightened wire
0.80-2.49 D4
2.50-3.00 D3 2
3.01-12.0 D2 3 2
Drawn/ground 0.80-3.00 h7 2
Drawn/ground 3.01-12.0 h7 3

Ovality: For D1 and D2, max. 50% of the tolerance width: for D3 max. 25% of the tolerance width: D4 ovality in accordance with the tolerance table below.

DiameterDiameter tolerance
mmD1 +/-D2 +/-D3 +/-D4 +/-Ovality for D4
0.80 - 0.99 0.014 0.009 0.005 0.003 0.002
1.00 - 1.59 0.018 0.011 0.006 0.004 0.002
1.60 - 2.49 0.023 0.014 0.008 0.005 0.003
2.50 - 4.00 0.030 0.018 0.010
4.01 - 6.30 0.038 0.022 0.013
6.31 - 10.0 0.048 0.028
10.0 - 12.0 0.060 0.036

Mechanical properties

Forms of supply/Finishes Diameter Tensile strength
mm Rm1)
Wire in coils
Drawn 0.80-3.00 >980
Straightened wire
Drawn 0.80-1.59 >1000
Drawn/ground 1.60-3.00

1) Nominal values. Other properties on request.

Impact strength

Observe that the quenching time and temperature are dependent on dimension. Specimens for the Charpy-V impact strength test are larger than standard wire dimensions.

Table of impact strength for Alleima® Finemac™, hardened and quenched condition. See Figure 1.

Soaking temperature 810°C (1490oF), soaking time 4 min, tempering time 30 min.

Tempering temperature, °C Impact strength, J
100 3.0
200 3.7
300 3.0
400 4.3
500 6.0
600 13

Figure 1. Impact strength after recommended hardening procedures, valid for all dimensions.

Soaking time 30 minutes. Standard Charpy-V specimens at 20oC (68oF).

Physical properties

Cast billets
7.8 g/cm3, 0.28 lb/in3
Cold drawn and tempered
0.20 µΩm at 22°C
Thermal expansion 1)
Temperature, °C 30-100 30-200 30-300 100-200 200-300
Cold drawn and tempered 11 12 13 12.5 14.5

1) Mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)

Alleima® Finemac™ is a magnetic material.

Heat treatment


When required, soft-annealing should be conducted for a period of one hour at a temperature of 650 - 680oC (1200-1250oF).

Diameter Temperature Soaking time Quenching
mm oC approx. min.
≤5 800 - 820 3 - 6 in oil at 50oC
>5 790 - 810 6 -10 in water

The smaller the diameter, the shorter the soaking time. To avoid oxidation and decarburization, hardening should be conducted in a protective gas atmosphere using nitrogen, argon or vacuum. Contact Sandvik for advice.

Prolonged service at elevated temperatures causes decreased hardness when used in the hardened and tempered condition. See also Impact strength under Mechanical properties.

Temperature, oC 100 - 600
Tempering time, min 30 - 60

The core of the material needs a tempering time of at least 30 minutes. To reduce the risk of cracking, tempering should be conducted immediately after hardening. The heating rate should not be too high, particularly in the case of intricately shaped components.


Figure 2. Hardness after quenching in oil at 50oC (120oF), valid for all dimensions.

Figure 3. Hardness after recommended hardening and tempering procedures, valid for all dimensions.

Tempering time 30 minutes.

Hardening operations

Hardening operations will be very much simplified compared to Alleima 20AP, owing to the wider temperature and time range available using Alleima® Finemac™. Scrapping rates during hardening will be greatly reduced.

Figure 4. The cooling rate of Alleima® Finemac™ vs. that of Alleima® 20AP.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.