Alleima® 11R51 Strip steel

Datasheet updated

2022-09-01 14:10
(supersedes all previous editions)

Alleima® 11R51 is an austenitic stainless steel with excellent spring properties that in most cases fulfill demands regarding corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, fatigue and relaxation properties. Compared with the standard grade Alleima® 12R11, Alleima® 11R51 offers:

  • Higher tensile strength and tempering effect
  • Higher relaxation resistance, especially at elevated temperatures
  • Higher fatigue strength
  • Better corrosion resistance, due to the addition of molybdenum

Service temperature: up to 300°C (570°F)

Standards

  • EN Number: 1.4310
  • EN Name: X 10 CrNi 18-8
  • SS: 2331

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo
0.10 1.2 1.2 ≤0.035 ≤0.010 16.5 6.5 0.7

Applications

Alleima® 11R51 is suitable for springs and other high strength components in the mechanical, electronics and computer industries. It is a very good spring material that in most cases fulfils demands regarding corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, fatigue and relaxation properties, especially in dynamic loaded applications when better fatigue resistance is required.

Corrosion resistance

It is very important to avoid corrosion in spring applications so as not to impair spring properties. Alleima® 11R51 is an austenitic stainless steel and has sufficient corrosion resistance in most spring applications. The corrosion resistance is slightly higher compared to Alleima® 12R11 and standard ASTM 301, due to the addition of molybdenum. Compared to other low alloyed spring steels, Alleima® 11R51 has superior performance. However, all austenitic steels of this type are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) when in contact with chloride solutions at elevated temperatures.

Bending

The values given below have been obtained by bending according to Swedish standard SS 11 26 26 method 3 (in a 90° V-block with a 25 mm die opening, a sample of 35 mm width, turned so that the burrs of the blanked edges face into the bend). They can be used as guidance for the smallest recommended bending radius.

Nominal tensile strength, Rm Thickness, t Min. bending radius as function of thickness *)
MPa mm //
1700 0.25 1.5 t 6.5 t
1700 0.50 2 t 9 t
1700 0.75 2.5 t 9.5 t
1700 1.0 3 t 9.5 t
1900 0.25 2 t 10 t
1900 0.50 3.5 t 11 t
1900 0.75 5 t 12 t
2050 0.25 2.5 t 14 t

∗)⊥ Bend transverse to the rolling direction
// Bend parallel to the rolling direction

Forms of supply

Alleima® 11R51 is supplied, as standard, in the cold rolled condition. Strip steel can be supplied in coils, bundles, on plastic spools or in lengths. The edges can be either slit, deburred or smoothly rounded. Contact us for more information.

Dimensions

The following range of thicknesses and widths can be supplied as standard. Please contact Alleima if other dimensions are required.

Thickness, mm Width, mm Thickness, in. Width, in.
0.015 - 1.5* 2 - 345 .0006 - .06 .079 - 13.6

* depending on requested tensile strength.

Tolerances

The thickness and width tolerances are +/- tolerances to the nominal size. The normal tolerance classes for most of our strip products are T2 and B1. Tighter tolerances as well as other tolerance limits can be offered upon request.

Stock standard

The following combinations of tensile strength and thickness are available from stock. Other combinations can be supplied on request.

Condition Tensile strength, Rm Thickness
MPa ksi mm
C 1700 247 0.30/0.60
C 1900 276 0.15/0.20/0.25/0.30/0.40/0.50/0.60/0.70/ 0.75/0.80
C 2050 297 0.03/0.04/0.05/0.08/0.10/0.15/0.20/0.30

C = Cold rolled

Heat treatment

The strength of cold rolled Alleima® 11R51 can be increased by a tempering operation at 425°C (797°F) for 4 hours. An increase in tensile strength of approx. 100 to 250 MPa (14.5 to 36 ksi) can be expected, depending on the initial cold rolled tensile strength. Further information on the nominal tempering effect can be seen under the "Mechanical properties" section. This heat treatment is also beneficial for relaxation and fatigue resistance.

Tempering is normally carried out by the customer after forming. To avoid discoloration, parts should be carefully cleaned before heat treatment.

Tempering in open air furnaces gives a harmless brownish oxide on the surface.

Mechanical properties

Static strength

Condition1)Tensile strength, RmProof strength, Rp0,2a)Elongation, A11,3
MPaksiMPaksi%
C 1700 247 1600 232 1
CT 1900 276
C 1900 276 1850 268 0.8
CT 2100 305
C 2050 297 1975 286 0.5
CT 2300 334

1) C = Cold rolled, CT = Cold rolled and tempered, 425°C (797°F)/4 h. See further under section 'Heat treatment'.

a) Rp0.2 corresponds to 0.2% offset yield strength.

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2

Fatigue strength

Nominal values at 20°C (68°F) in a normal dry atmosphere. The fatigue limit is defined as the stress at which 50% of the specimens withstand a minimum of 2 million load cycles.

Reversed bending stress

Average stress = 0
Bending transversal to rolling direction.

Comparison made for different thicknesses and tensile strength levels.

Tensile strength, RmFatigue limitTensile strength, RmFatigue limit
Thickness, mm Thickness, in.
0.250.50 0.0100.020
MPaMPaMPaksiksiksi
1700 ± 580 247 ± 84.2
1900 ± 590 276 ± 85.6
2100 ± 775 ± 630 305 ± 113 ± 91.4
2300 ± 780 334 ± 113

Fluctuating tensile stress

Minimum stress = 0
Specimens parallel to rolling direction.

Comparison made for different thicknesses and tensile strength levels.

Tensile strength, RmFatigue limitTensile strength, RmFatigue limit
Thickness, mm Thickness, in.
0.250.50 0.0100.020
MPaMPaMPaksiksiksi
1700 495 ± 495 425 ± 425 247 71.8 ± 71.8 61.7 ± 61.7
1900 510 ± 510 455 ± 455 276 74.0 ± 74.0 66.0 ± 66.0
2100 525 ± 525 500 ± 500 305 76.2 ± 76.2 72.6 ± 72.6
2300 540 ± 540 - 334 78.4 ± 78.4 -

Physical properties

The physical properties of a steel are related to a number of factors, including alloying elements, heat treatment and manufacturing route, but the following data can generally be used for rough calculations. These values refer to cold rolled material, at a temperature of 20oC(68oF) unless otherwise stated.

Density 7.9 g/cm3 (0.29 lb/in3)

Resistivity 0.9 μΩm (35.4 μΩin.)

Modulus of elasticity

'as delivered': approx 185 000 MPa (26 825 ksi)
tempered: approx 190 000 MPa (27 550 ksi)

Shear modulus

´as delivered´: approx 71 000 MPa (10 295 ksi)

Specific heat capacity 500 J/kg °C (in the temperature range 50-100°C)

Thermal expansion mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)
Temperature, °Cper °CTemperature, °Fper °F
20 - 100 °C 15 68 - 200 8.5
20 - 200 °C 15.5 68 - 400 8.5
20 - 300 °C 16 68 - 550 9
Thermal conductivity
Temperature, °CW/m °CTemperature, °FBtu/ft h °F
20 15 68 8.5
100 15 200 8.5
300 19 600 11

Welding

Alleima® 11R51, like most austenitic stainless steels, has a good weldability. Welding, however, introduces excess heat into the material closest to the weld that breaks down the structure formed by cold working. As a consequence, this will decrease the mechanical properties of the welded area. The lowest practical heat input, <1.0 kJ/mm, and interpass temperature for multipass welding, <100°C (210 oF), is recommended.

In most cases, the TIG (GTAW) method is preferable. It can be used either autogenously (without filler metal) or with filler metal. In both cases, pure argon (99.99%) should be used as the shielding gas.

When filler metal is used the recommendation is to do it according to standard ISO 14343-A: 19 9 L; AWS A5.9/ASME SFA-5.9: ER308L; W.Nr.: 1.4316 and ISO 14343: 19 9 L Si; AWS A5.9/ASME SFA-5.9: ER308LSi; W.Nr.: 1.4316.

Due to the high carbon content of Alleima® 11R51, there is also a risk of carbide precipitation at the grain boundaries of the material in the heat affected zone (HAZ), which may decrease the corrosion resistance of the material in certain environments.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.