Alleima® 20C compressor valve steel Strip steel

Datasheet updated

2022-07-13 14:29
(supersedes all previous editions)

Alleima® 20C is a hardened and tempered carbon steel characterized by:

  • High strength
  • High fatigue strength under bending and impact stress
  • Low level of non-metallic inclusions
  • Good wear resistance

Compressor valve steel in Alleima® 20C has excellent surface finish, good dimensional tolerances and good flatness.

Standards

  • ASTM: 1095
  • W.Nr.: 1.1274
  • SS: 1870

Chemical composition (nominal)

Chemical composition (nominal) %
C Si
1.00 0.3

Applications

Valve production

Valves made from Alleima® 20C compressor valve steel should be produced with fatigue properties in mind, in order to make full use of the excellent material properties.

Valve types:

  • Flapper valves
  • Reed valves
  • Check valves

Forms of supply

Strip steel is supplied in labelled coils, or on labelled plastic spools, depending on weight and size. The label details the steel grade, heat, lot and coil number, and nominal size, allowing full material traceability. Material is protected against rust with oil.

Coils are wrapped in paper and packed in wooden cases. For overseas shipment, coils are also sealed in a plastic bag containing silica gel. Net and gross weights are marked on the case. Customized properties, dimensions and tolerances can be supplied on request.

Thickness

Alleima® 20C comprevalve steel is supplied in standard thicknesses in accordance with the table.

Thickness Tolerance, ±
mm in. mm in.
0.152 0.006 0.005 0.00020
0.203 0.008 0.006 0.00024
0.254 0.010 0.007 0.00028
0.305 0.012 0.007 0.00028
0.381 0.015 0.008 0.00035
0.406 0.016 0.012 0.00047
0.457 0.018 0.012 0.00047
0.508 0.020 0.014 0.00055
0.559 0.022 0.020 0.00079
0.600 0.0236 0.020 0.00079
0.635 0.025 0.023 0.00091
0.762 0.030 0.023 0.00091
0.800 0.0315 0.027 0.00106
0.889 0.035 0.027 0.00106
1.000 0.0394 0.034 0.00134

Width

Strip in standard thicknesses is stocked in widths up to 350 mm (13.8 in.), ready for slitting to the required width.

Finishes

Edges

Edges are slit and deburred. Shaved edges can be supplied on request.

Flatness

Maximum out-of-flatness across and along the strip is 0.20% of the nominal strip width.

Surfaces

Material is delivered bright, fine polished.

Surface roughness

Maximum surface roughness values, cut-off 0.25 mm (.0098 inch), are shown in the table.

Thickness Ra Rmax
mm in. µm µin. µm µin.
<0.508 <0.020 0.13 5.2 1.5 60
>0.508 >0.020 0.25 10.0 2.5 100

Surface defects

A small number of surface defects, such as pits and roll marks, with a depth or height of 2 µm (80 µin.) maximum is allowed for thicknesses up to 0.508 mm (0.020 in.) and 3 µm (120 µin.) maximum for thicker material. The maximum scratch depth allowed is as follows:

Thickness Max. allowed depth
mm in. µm µin.
<0.203  <0.008 0.5 20
>0.203-<0.508 >0.008-<0.020 0.8 32
>0.508 >0.020 1.0 40

Straightness

Out-of-straightness is defined as the maximum deviation from a straight-edge of a specified length. The following values apply:

Strip width Max. allowed deviation
mm in. mm/m in./3 feet
>8-<20 >0.315-<0.787 2.0 0.072
>20-<50 >0.787-<1.969  1.5 0.054
>50-<125 >1.969-<4.921 1.25 0.045
>125  >4.921 1.0 0.036

Mechanical properties

At 20ºC (68ºF)
Thickness Tensile strength
mm in. MPa ksi
<0.125 <0.005 2100 305
0.125-<0.175 0.005-<0.007 2050 297
0.175-<0.225 0.007-<0.009 2000 290
0.225-<0.275 0.009-<0.011 1950 283
0.275-<0.375 0.011-<0.015 1900 276
0.375-<0.425 0.015-<0.017 1850 268
0.425-<0.475 0.017-<0.019 1800 261
0.475-<0.625 0.019-<0.025 1750 254
0.625-<0.825 0.025-<0.033 1700 247
0.825-<1.000 0.033-<0.039 1650 239

The proof strength (Rp0.2) is approximately 90% of the tensile strength (Rm). The manufacturing tolerance for tensile strength is ±80 MPa (±11.6 ksi.)

Fatigue strength

Alleima® 20C compressor valve steel has been used in the compressor industry for many years. The steel is tailored for applications requiring high fatigue strength. The fatigue strength depends on the surface and edge treatment of the material. The values presented are from none tumbled material with a smooth edge.

Reversed bending fatigue (mean stress = 0)

The fatigue strength of Alleima® 20C compressor valve steel in reversed bending is ±680 MPa (±99 ksi) at a failure probability of 5%. The value is valid for a strip thickness of 0.381 mm (.015 inch).

Figure 1. Reversed bending fatigue strength at a failure rate of 5%, as a function of the strip thickness in nominal tensile strengths.

Fluctuating bending fatigue (minimum stress = 0)

Fluctuating bending fatigue strength for Alleima® 20C compressor valve steel has been calculated from reversed bending values. Goodmans formula gives 499±499 MPa ( ksi). Gerbers formula gives 608±608 MPa. The value is valid for a strip thickness of 0.381 mm (.015 in.).

Physical properties

Density, 7.8 g/cm3, 0.28 lb/in3

Thermal conductivity
At 20°C, W/(m °C)  49
At 68°F, Btu/(ft h °F)  28
Specific heat capacity
Mean value for 50-100°C, J/(kg °C)  460
Mean value for 120-210°F, Btu/(lb °F)  0.11
Temperature Temperature
Thermal expansion, mean values in temperature ranges (x 10-6)
°C Per °C °F Per °F
30-100 10.5 86-200 5.5 
30-200  11.5  86-400  6.5 
30-300  12.5  86-600  7.0 
Modulus of elasticity, static properties at 20°C (68°F)
MPa 210000 
ksi 30500 

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Alleima materials.